Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome also called as Monsomy X is a genetic disorder in which the female child misses one pair of normal X chromosomes.

Normally every child inherits 23 pairs of chromosomes out of which two are sex chromosomes which determine the gender of the child. If the child is female, it would have two XX chromosomes and if it is a male it would have XY chromosome. However in turner syndrome children, the female child will have only one X chromosome, missing the other one. The rate of incidence of Monosomy X is about 1 in every 2000.

The symptoms of this disease are swollen hands, webbed neck and wide feet are found on the infants. In developed girls, there will be incomplete puberty, small breasts and absence of pubic hair. Secondary sexual characters are almost absent or very low in such children. They will not have menstrual cycle and are infertile. In some case the vagina is well developed but completely dry.

No treatment is available since turner syndrome is inherited by birth. Injecting the growth hormone on affected children may increase their height. Some doctors try giving estrogen therapy for girls to induce the growth of hairs and development of breasts.

Women with such syndrome can have sex but it will be painful. Since they are infertile, they can either adopt a child or have a donor egg implanted on the uterus for having a baby.

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