It is the process by which the placenta (a tube that nourishes the fetus) gets separated from the uterus before the baby is delivered. Although it is a rare condition, still it poses some risk to the mother as well as baby’s life.
The real cause why does this happen only to some women is not known. But when you have a sudden injury on the abdomen area or when the pregnant women had a fall then there is chance for placental abruption. When there is massive eruption of amniotic fluid from the uterus, this can trigger the placenta to erupt from the fetus.
Doctors believe that cigarette smoking, use of drugs and substance can also aggravate this condition. If the women suffer from diabetics or if she has thrombophilias (blood related disorders) it can lead to eruption of placenta. Too much of drinking is not good for the brain development of the child and this can also affect his growth.
Sometimes, more number of deliveries (child-birth) can cause this condition. Fibroids in the uterus and heightened blood pressure can cause eruption of placenta.
In serious case, this condition can turn fatal for the baby, if it is left without lack of blood supply and oxygen.
The women who had placental abruption will have moderate to severe abdominal pain, with uterine contractions like labor pain. There may or may not be vaginal bleeding and back pain. For some women, there will be continuous uterine contractions.
Your Gynecologist will do an abdominal ultrasound scan to monitor the growth of fetus and may also recommend for complete blood count. If needed, he may do vaginal ultrasound and prothrombin test.
Depending on the condition of the mother, she will be put on intravenous fluids. If there is excess of blood loss, blood transfusion is to be done immediately. She has to be checked frequently for shock symptoms. Since cutting of placenta will severely affect the child’s health, the baby should be monitored for distress symptoms.
If the child is fully grown, then your doctor will initiate labor pain for normal delivery through vagina. In case there is problem for the child, then cesarean surgery will be done to safeguard the child.
Pictures of Placental Abruption :
Images, Pics, Pictures and Photos of Placental Abruption
Placental abruption is risk both for the mother and the fetus. There can be excessive blood loss which can cause death to the mother. In case the infant lives without placental connection, he may have some complications later. There can be sudden shock which may prove fatal for the baby or even the mother.
You can prevent this condition by totally avoiding drinking and smoking when you are pregnant. Further it is vital to monitor the blood pressure and diabetes during this stage.