Osteoporosis is a condition in which bone muscles and tissues become thin over time. When the body loses the tendency to form new bones this condition develops and as such osteoporosis is the most common bone disease. It is found in people who are above 55 or 60 years. Lack of calcium and phosphate may also trigger this condition in old age, thereby affecting bones. In women, it often occurs during menopause stage when there is reduction in the hormone level. Vitamin D deficiency, thyroid problem and other chronic illness may also cause osteoporosis. Some of the symptoms are low back pain, tenderness in bone joints, and neck pain.The treatment methods of osteoporosis should be effective to control pain and prevent bone decay.

Bisphosphonate are given for controlling and preventing osteoporosis in women. The other medicine called calcitonin is also prescribed as pills or as nasal spray. In some cases, hormone replacement therapy is used in some women. Regular exercise, lifestyle changes and diet management will also help to control osteoporosis. The affected person will be asked to include calcium rich diet like yogurt, cheese and salmon.

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