Lymphatic filariasis is caused by Wuchereria bancrofti worm and a species called Brugia timori. The worms invade the lymphatic system of our body causing injury to lymph nodes. This disorder is parasitic infection since it is caused by worms and these worms are transmitted into the body by mosquitoes and black flies. In chronic case of infection, these worms may give rise to elephantiasis filariasis. The adult worms will stay on the tissue would release the larvae form called as microfilariae into the blood. This in turn would be picked up the mosquito or fly which feeds on the blood which in turn will be transmitted into another host cell.
Common symptoms of lymphatic filiariasis are thickening of the lymph nodes and the swelling of the skin on the affected area. In most of the cases, this worm affects the lower parts of the body like legs and thighs. In some cases, ears are also affected. Again different species of worms affect various parts of the body like vulva, breasts and arms. It begins as skin rashes with moderate swelling of skin and gets intense over period of time.
Treatment for lymphatic filariasis is in the form of antibiotic medications. Albendazole along with diethyl carbamazine is given for the patient to get positive outcomes. However the above treatment gives remedy only on the larval stages of the worm and not on the adult ones.
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