Hyperemesis gravidarum is the condition of dehydration resulting from continuous vomiting during the stage of pregnancy. Not all the pregnant women will have nausea each day and it would get settled at the end of first trimester for most of the women. But for some women, the vomiting sensation will continue till the end of pregnancy that may result in dehydration or loss of body fluids.
Morning sickness is the major cause for hyperemesis gravidarum. It is normal to vomit each day in the morning due to the hormone secretion of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin HCG. Sometimes, the hormone level will increase tremendously in blood causing repeated vomiting and nausea. This is more particular for women who are carrying twin zygotes inside her womb. Women who have hydatiform mole have more chances of getting vomiting than other pregnant women.
Some of the common signs of hyperemesis gravidarum are nausea and vomiting that does not get settled by any treatment. Some women will experience weight loss due to continuous dehydration. There may be experience of fainting due to loss of consciousness and lightheadedness in some women.
Your doctor will examine your blood pressure and body condition by checking the pulse and heart beat. He may also do urine ketone test and hematocrit to assess the hormone level in blood.
In case of severe vomiting, he may also do routine gastrointestinal scan to rule out any abnormality in the liver and intestine.
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Plenty of home remedies are available to manage vomiting during pregnancy. Morning sickness is quite a normal problem faced by pregnant women and you can avoid this by taking few ounces of ginger/lemon juice in empty stomach. To avoid the condition of hyperemesis gravidarum you need to stay hydrated by taking plenty of fluids daily.
Make sure that you are taking small meals frequently instead of eating hefty meal thrice. Do not leave your stomach empty for more than two hours. Keep eating fresh fruits and vegetables which will reduce the acidity formation in your stomach.
Increase the fluid intake instead of eating solid foods which will reduce the chance of vomiting. You can substitute ginger ale or seltzer in the place of coffee or tea. You can also take up to 100 mg of vitamin B6 daily which has the tendency to reduce nausea or vomiting.
In case of repeated vomiting, you need to consult your doctor who may prescribe some medicines to arrest vomiting. In more severe cases of hyperemesis gravidarum you will be put on intravenous fluids IV for keeping the hydration level stabilized.
Never make you exposed to any foodstuff that induces nausea. For some women smelling certain food items can trigger vomiting sensation during pregnancy. Avoid such situations particularly in the morning. It is up to you to manage vomiting to keep your body at optimal hydration level. Mostly vomiting will gradually reduce and stop once you reach second trimester of pregnancy. You need to identify the exact cause of vomiting to avoid them completely, since repeated vomiting may cause complications to the health condition of the infant.
You can practice yoga or some aerobic exercise daily to reduce the stress level. Taking emotions to your heart will cause developmental abnormality to the growing child and hence avoid quarreling with your partner when you are pregnant.