There are many approaches and treatment for getting rid of dark spots from your face. Obviously nobody can be happy with dark spots on the face and other visible parts of the body.
Medical Treatment Based On Cosmetic Approach :
Many kinds of treatments including laser therapy, light therapy, medications, cryotherapy, dermabrasion and chemical peeling are available to remove dark spots. Almost each one of the approach is based on one concept. Epidermis is the uppermost layer of the skin and it is the place where dark spots grow. The affected areas of the face appear dark due to increased pigmentation of the skin. Hence treatment is given to lighten the skin layer thus matching the gray brown spots with that of the normal skin color.
Depending on the severity of the dark spots, your doctor may prescribe mild steroid or suitable bleaching agent. Creams that contain hydroquinone are recommended in combination with retinoid to get quick results. It is best to avoid going out in sunlight once you start taking medications, since the result will not be effective if you continue to wander outside. You need to use sunscreen lotion liberally while going out in hot sun, once you start medical treatment. Choose the sunscreen lotion containing 30 SPF or even more. Apply it generously on your face, neck and hands and other exposed parts if you need to go out.
Laser Therapy :
Laser and light therapy of high intensity can efficiently destroy melanoytes (that causes hyper-pigmentation). Controlled laser therapy is directly applied on the face and other areas without causing any damage to the skin. Results cannot be fast in any therapy. You need to be patient for repeating several sessions of laser/light therapy. After few months, dark spots would gradually fade away from the skin. As per the advice of your skin doctor you need to use good sun protection cream during and after this treatment.
- Side Effect : Several sessions can be expensive, and cause irritation of skin.
Liquid nitrogen is used on the brown spots directly for freezing them. Initially it may cause small blisters on the dark spot region and as the area heals, the skin would become light.
- Side Effect : irritation, discoloration and scarring of skin.
Dermis is the second layer of the skin which lies just beneath the epidermis. In this process, the outermost layer of the skin is scaled down using rotating brush effectively. After few weeks a new layer is formed on its place without any spots.
- Side Effect : It can cause redness and scarring on the skin.
Chemical Peeling :
This method is similar to dermabrasion and special acid is applied directly on the brown spots. It would burn the outer skin surface which would eventually peel off giving way to new layer.
- Side Effect : Good result is not possible in one session. It can cause irritation and discoloration.
Since all the above therapy is purely cosmetic and hence insurance claim cannot be made. You need to think carefully and discuss with your doctor before spending for any procedure.
Thought for Consideration :
There are plenty of fade creams available on the online shopping, departmental store and drugstore. But not any one of them gives guaranteed results. And do not expect magical changes from any product.
Be Patient :
Skin changes and formation of dark spots occur as a process and not overnight. Hence it might take enough time for getting back the normal skin texture. You need to be patient for getting positive changes. Check the label of the product and verify if it contains glycolic acid or hydroquinone. Do not buy creams that contain plain hydroquinone since it can cause skin irritation and scarring.
Home Remedies :
Some of the cheapest method for removing dark spots on the face, on your legs and anywhere on the skin is given below. It is for you to make use of these easy methods to get maximum benefit.
- Lemon Juice For Fair Skin :
Lemon has excellent oxidizing property and can be used for removing dark spots on the skin. Citric acid acts as a bleaching agent thus withering away the dark spots and creating fresh lighter skin. Take few drops of lemon juice (fresh) and apply it directly on the brown spots. Gently massage it for few minutes before washing. Repeat this process two or three times a day. And you can get amazing results in just few weeks.
- Aloe Vera To Get Rid Of Dark Spots :
Aloe Vera is an herbal plant that effectively heals itchy skin. But it can also be used for removing brown spots on your face. You can use Aloe Vera leaves directly (if available) or use gel of Aloe Vera sold in drugstore. Apply the gel of this great herb on the brown spots liberally. Allow it to dry for 30 minutes and wash with cold water. Repeat this simple remedy for a month and you will see the difference in skin color and fading of brown spots. This simple gel can be applied on your legs and on any part of the body.
- Chickpea Flour Gives Excellent Results :
Many of you may not know the amazing benefits of gram flour or chick pea flour that is used in many recipes. Mix 2 tsp of gram flour with curd/lemon juice/tomato juice and add some paste of turmeric into it. Apply this on the dark spots and leave it for few minutes before washing. You can get glowing skin by repeating this simple mixture daily for few weeks. And the dark spots would have gone by now.
- Yoghurt Gives You Spotless Skin :
If you do not have time and patience to make the above mixture, you can use yoghurt to get flawless skin easily. Apply plain yoghurt liberally on your face and neck (both front and back). Wash it off after half-an-hour. Alternatively you can mix yoghurt with few drops of lime juice and oatmeal and apply this paste on the face and neck. After few weeks you can see the difference in skin visibly. Dark spots would fade gradually giving fresh skin over it.
Remember One Thing :
You can follow any method for removing brown spots, but be patient and wait for the result. Withering of brown spots cannot happen overnight. Even small changes in the skin surface take long time. So, stick on to one method and repeat it till you get the desired changes.
Some Useful Tips to Prevent Formation of Dark Spots :
It is not possible to prevent occurrence of dark spots since factors are beyond our control. But you can always take precautions to minimize sun’s exposure.
- Avoid going out during peak hours (from 10 AM to 4PM) when the sun’s rays are maximum.
- Always cover your body fully if you need to go out in daylight.
- Choose sunscreen lotion of SPF factor 30 or more and apply it liberally on the face, hands and neck before going out.
- Don’t forget your neck while applying sunscreen cream. The neck portion can get tanned if you fail to use sunscreen.