Herpangina is a self limited disease which affects young children. It is a viral infection that attacks only during summer months. Group of virus causes this infection and Coxsackie virus is known to cause herpangina. Initially the infected child will have fever with sore throat, followed by development of blisters in throat and palate region. Anyone affected with herpangina finds it difficult to eat and drink and hence you need to monitor the children for preventing dehydration.
Herpangina is a viral infection caused by Coxsackie virus and similar entero-virus group. Basically it spreads through fecal particles that accidentally get in touch with the skin of the child. It can also spread through saliva or air molecules causing respiratory problem. During the incubation period, the virus stays within the body of the child up to 2 weeks and during that period there will not be any symptoms.
Fever, loss of appetite, sore throat, pain in swallowing and headache are some of the signs for detecting herpangina infection. Blisters or lesions are formed on the mouth or throat and sometimes sores are also found in feet, hands and even on buttocks. The lesions are whitish grey in color and may cause pain and itching. Ulcers are found inside the oral cavity, uvula and tonsils region. Some people will have their lymph nodes enlarged. Skin rashes are not present in all the people who are infected with herpangina.
Doctor can easily detect the virus on physically examining the body.
Ibuprofen and Tylenol is given for reducing pain and fever. You should always check that the child drink plenty of fluids each day even when he has discomfort in eating and drinking. Include foods that are soft and avoid irritating foods. Take ice cream, cold milk, dairy products, fruit juices and avoid fried and spicy items during the period of infection.
Topical ointments like benzocaine or lidocaine can be applied on the blisters to reduce inflammation.
Mouth wash can be done by the affected person several times a day to reduce pain and discomfort in mouth.
Since herpangia is a viral infection, antibiotics are not to be used. You should follow the instruction and prescription of the doctor for getting it cured completely.
Though this infection is similar to hand foot and mouth disease, it can be differentiated by the presence of blisters or lesions inside the mouth or at the back of the mouth.
Pictures of Herpangina :
Images, Pics, Pictures and Photos of Herpangina
If not treated early, herpangia in children may land up in dehydration and even hospitalization.
The ideal way to avoid this viral infection is to follow hygiene when you eat and when you are using public places.