Hemorrhoids are commonly known as piles which is nothing but lump in the rectal area. They are painful causing inflammation of veins present in the lower portion of the rectum. This condition is quite common during pregnancy and shortly after childbirth.
The major cause for hemorrhoids is due to the strain while passing stool. Constipation, infection in the rectum and anus, straining bowel movements, sitting for long time and liver disease can cause hemorrhoids.
Piles can occur either inside the body called as internal hemorrhoids present in the anus or starting point of the rectum. Sometimes it is present externally at the anal opening or it might hang out of the anus.
The signs of hemorrhoids are itching anus, anal pain, and bloody discharge while passing stool, frequent pain during bowel movements, formation of lumps in and around anus. The doctor will confirm the illness after seeing the result of anoscopy.
For mild forms of hemorrhoids, you can buy over the counter topical creams for reducing pain. Ointments that contain lidocaine can reduce swelling and alleviate pain. For controlling itching, apply witch hazel and wear cotton loose fitting undergarments. Do not use strong perfumes or toilet tissue. Sitting in lukewarm water can provide great relief from pain.
Medical treatment is given depending on the seriousness of the disease. Infrared coagulation is done to shrink the lumps present in the anus region. Surgery is done in case of severe bleeding and pain caused by hemorrhoids.
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