Diaphoresis (Excessive Sweating) – Symptoms, Definition, Causes, Treatment, Tests

Diaphoresis is a medical condition that causes excess of sweating. It is normal for everyone to sweat while doing hard-work and stressful activities. As one gets involved in hectic work the body gets overheated and the immune system triggers the sweat glands to produce sweat so that the body gets cool down. However diaphoresis is high rate of sweating which makes the body to get soaked. The body sweats beyond normal capacity and continues to sweat even when the person does not involve in any activity. Diaphoresis issue arises due to underlying medical condition which needs to be treated medically and it does not get cured on its own.

Symptoms :

The body gets drenched with sweat during diaphoresis and even your shirt or blouse gets badly wet. The entire body gets soaked with sweat and is high on the extremities like hands and feet. For some people face, palms and feet gets soaked during diaphoresis. Excess of sweating is also known as hyperhidrosis but in that case it is the sympathetic nervous system that triggers sweat glands to produce more sweat. And unlike regular sweating where excess of sweat is produced during heavy work or doing exercises diaphoresis is a condition that causes excess of sweating even without doing any work. Women rather than men are more prone to develop diaphoresis condition and particularly during menopause.


Excessive Sweating Causes :

Diaphoresis or excessive sweating is common in women who are in menopause period. Plenty of hormones are produced during menopause where each woman would complete her fertile period. There is every chance for them to go into depression due to hormonal fluctuation and the body gets heated up which in turn produces excess of sweat. Hot weather and intense emotional activities can cause excess of perspiration.

Diaphoresis or excess of sweat can be caused due to allergic reaction or a medical shock. Severe bacterial infection or thyroid disorder can also cause diaphoresis. Sweating will be to that extent that doing routine activities will become tiresome. It may also cause embarrassment to the affected person. Excess of sweating occurs during accidental falls or automobile accident where the person is under terrible shock.


Certain medical conditions like endocarditis, anxiety disorder, cardiac arrest, hyperthyroidism, low blood sugar, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and heightened stress can cause diaphoresis. Intense fear and anxiety and increased anger and nervousness can also cause diaphoresis. Every person has about 3-4 million sweat glands in his/her body. The glands become active after puberty and sweating is a process to keep the body cool when it gets overheated.

Tests :

Your doctor would order for series of tests like blood profile to check for any hormonal imbalance. He would collect complete medical record of the affected person and order for other testing procedures as required.


Treatment :

Treatment for diaphoresis can be done only after the root cause is diagnosed. For people who develop excess of sweat with chest pain or lowered blood pressure emergency treatment is to be given for stabilizing the patient. For women in menopause diaphoresis can be managed by prescription drugs and making adjustments in lifestyle. It is good for any person to drink plenty of water or fluids if he sweats in excess. During the process of sweating the body loses water and ions which has to be replaced.

You can lower the room temperature slightly to prevent excess of sweating. If possible stay inside air-conditioned room. Make efforts to cool down your body by washing your face or taking bath. Always consult your doctor immediately if you develop excess of sweating along with other symptoms like chest pain, increased heartbeat and shortness of breath. Practice meditation and yoga exercises to manage stress.

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