Coxsackie Virus Infection

Coxsackie virus belongs to the family of Picomaviridae and enterovirus genus. They have small RNA virus in them and it was first invented at the town called Coxsackie in New York.

There are two types of Coxsackie viruses namely type A and B. The first type causes muscle injury with paralysis and rarely death. It begins as the blisters in the throat, mouth and hands and causes inflammation with pain on the affected area.

The second type of B virus causes damage to internal organs but they are less severe. This type of virus affects the lungs, abdomen and would last for maximum 12 days to get resolved. It is known to cause pleurodynia that affects the above organs.

The common symptoms of Coxsackie virus are fever, sore throat, fatigue and loss of appetite. It would be only for two or three days. Then it appears as sores and blisters on the mouth, throat and hands. Many of them would get rashes on the feet and hands and the symptoms would last for 10-12 days. This infection is contagious.

The main cause for getting infected with this virus is getting into contact with fecal contamination. Many a times, it spreads through the diaper changing places and toys of children on which some fecal particles are left. It also spreads by droplets of saliva expelled by infected persons. Infectious virus is present in feces, saliva and fluids of nasal secretions.

Treatment can be given for the symptoms and not for the disease itself. Taking antiviral medicines could control the symptoms of rashes and blisters. Tylenol is given for reducing fever and other discomforts of this disease. Drink plenty of fluids to keep yourself hydrated. Wash the mouth with lukewarm salt water to prevent sores.

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