Cardiomyopathy is also known as congestive heart failure which can be either chronic or acute. When heart suddenly cannot pump blood to other parts of the body, it may lead to congestive heart failure. When this happens, the excess of blood and body fluids gets accumulated in lungs and liver. There are two types of heart failure namely systolic failure and diastolic failure. Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the major cause of heart failure in which the blood vessels that supply oxygen to the heart becomes narrow and shrink. Other causes which results in heart failure are infection in heart valves, heart attack and congenital (by birth) heart disease. In some cases diseases like anemia, emphysema and thyroid problem can cause failure of heart.
Difficulty in breathing, extreme tiredness, repeated cough, loss of appetite, irregular pulse rate and palpitation are some of the common symptoms of congestive heart failure. It is easy to detect failure of heart function through advanced testing procedure like MRI of heart, heart catheterization, and heart scan. Congestive heart failure can cause other disorders like swelling in legs (edema), swelling of liver, collection of fluid in lungs and distended neck veins. It is necessary to monitor the heart functions once you have an episode of heart failure. Whenever you observe sudden increase in weight, it may be indication of accumulation of extra fluid in lungs. Monitor what you eat and drink, especially if you are obese.
Diabetic patients have to be strict on eating habits to avoid sudden heart attack. Nowadays it is easy to monitor pulse rate and blood pressure at home to keep a check on changes in body metabolism. Limited quantity of salt and fluid intake, following healthy lifestyle by doing regular exercises can prevent you from congestive heart failure.
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