Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the most common type of sexual disease transmitted by sex partners. It can cause vaginal discharge and burning sensation while passing urine. This infection is common for both men and women and this bacterial infection is transmitted through sexual intercourse from affected partner. Chlamydia can be treated fully with effective antibiotics.

Symptoms :

You may not have any symptom as soon as you receive the Chlamydia infection. It might take a week or even more for you to notice some symptoms. It can cause pain in genitals while having sex, burning pain while urination, vaginal discharge in women and pain in testicles in men. It can also cause abdominal pain, bleeding between periods, itching sensation on the genitals, mild fever and painful urination. In men the tip of the penis develops swelling and it can cause cloudy discharge.

Causes :

Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that spreads through sex. You can receive the infection while having oral sex or anal sex also. In rare cases, the pregnant mother can transmit this infection to the fetus during delivery.

Who are at risk?

People who have multiple sex partners, who start with having sex in early ages, and those employed as sex workers have increased risk of getting Chlamydia. Often Chlamydia does not cause any complications but sometimes it can cause pelvic inflammation in women and prostate gland infection in men. In rare cases it can cause infertility in women. If left untreated, Chlamydia can lead to ectopic pregnancy for women.

Tests :

The centre for prevention and control of disease in the USA recommends yearly screening for Chlamydia for all sexually active people of young ages and pregnant women to avoid any complications. Men and women with multiple sex partners have high risk of getting Chlamydia infection even with using condoms.

Your doctor would do a swab test obtained from the discharge of vagina to test it on the lab. For men discharge from the penis is collected or sample is taken from urethra for testing. A simple urine test can also be done to diagnose Chlamydia infection.

Treatment :

Antibiotics are given in suitable doses for Chlamydia. Your doctor will give instructions about continuing antibiotics for few days or even weeks. Avoid having sex while you are diagnosed with infection since you can pass on the infection to your sex partner. Even if you don’t have any symptoms given above there is still the chance of spreading the infection to others while having sex.

Prevention :

  • Have always safe sex by using condoms.
  • Avoid having sex with multiple partners.
  • Go for regular screening tests if you are sexually active with many partners, even if you don’t have any symptoms.
  • Women should avoid douching since cleaning the vagina very often can increase the risk of getting infected.

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