Hypertension is otherwise called as high blood pressure. Blood flows against the walls of arteries, during the pumping action of the heart and if the force of blood flow exceeds certain capacity, you have hypertension. Normal readings of blood pressure are 120/80 mm of Hg in which 120 is the systolic blood pressure and 80 is the diastolic blood pressure. When a person gets emotional, his blood pressure rises above this limit, thus forcing the blood flow against the walls of the heart. You are said to have blood pressure when the readings are above 140/90 most of the time which will eventually lead to heart problems.
There are number of factors that cause blood pressure. It varies according to the level of hormones, functioning methods of kidneys and nervous system and the total water and salt content in your body. You are likely to get hypertension as you grow old, since the blood vessels become hard during old-age.
Smoking and drinking habit obviously increases blood pressure to large extent. People who are obese and are diabetic are prone to get blood pressure in young age. If you have family history of BP, then you are at the risk of getting hypertension.
Stress and heightened emotions also increases blood pressure. Certain chronic illness like kidney problems, parathyroidism, and adrenal gland abnormalities may also induce hypertension. Taking strong medicines for cold and headache and the stage of pregnancy will create blood pressure temporarily.
Heredity and environmental factors also plays a role in getting blood pressure at young age.
Blood pressure is also called silent killer, since there are no evident symptoms most of the time. However for some people, there may be headache, vomiting, nausea, confusion of thoughts and changes in vision which signals there is hypertension.
It is easy to check the readings of blood pressure by hypertension monitor. Nowadays many people are having this instrument at home for checking blood pressure regularly. Your doctor may ask you to take blood test for checking cholesterol level and also assess the functioning of heart by echocardiogram, if you have high blood pressure.
Apart from taking medicines to control hypertension, you can easily bring down BP by following simple exercises and sticking on to diet schedule. Avoid taking oily items and fatty foods. Eat plenty of fresh vegetables and fruits. Practice exercise regularly. Reduce the amount of stress by doing yoga or meditation. Reduce the intake of sodium (common salt) and reduce your weight. Quit smoking and drinking alcohol permanently.
Blood pressure can easily be controlled by taking medicines and by following doctor’s instructions. ACE inhibitors or beta blockers are highly effective in controlling BP.
Alternative medicines like yoga, meditation and relaxation techniques can control hypertension to large extent.
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Heightened blood pressure may cause stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, bleeding in internal organs and insufficient blood supply to vital parts of your body.