Macrocytosis is the term given for large sized red blood cells. The red blood cells are vital part of our blood that transports oxygenated blood to all the organs of the body. In a given space only certain number of blood cells can be accommodated. When the blood cells become larger in size only few cells can fit in the given space leading to insufficient supply of oxygen and blood.
When the blood flow to the heart muscles gets reduced due to some reason, it can cause angina or heart pain. The arteries of the heart muscles get narrowed due to insufficient blood flow. Angina is not a disease but is a symptom of the heart problem called coronary heart disease. Angina can occur to anyone but is more common in age group of 50 years or above than others. Angina can be treated by diagnosing the underlying heart problem and suitable medications are given.
Asbestosis is a type of lung disease that develops due to prolonged inhalation of asbestos fibers. This mineral fiber could cause scarring of lung tissue causing even lung cancer in final stages. People who were employed in asbestos industry have increased chance of getting asbestosis. Unfortunately the symptoms will not appear for 10-40 years of exposure to asbestos and hence diagnosing and treating asbestosis can be difficult. The damage caused by asbestosis is irreversible but medications and therapy are available for managing the symptoms.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of disease affecting the spine. It causes some of the vertebral column of the spine to join together leading to hunched forward posture. Initial symptoms of the disease begin in adulthood and the intensity of disorder may range from mild to severe. Exact cause of this rare disease is not known and unfortunately it cannot be cured. Pain killers can help to alleviate the symptoms temporarily.
Angular cheilitis is a type of common inflammation of the lips. In medical terms, it is called as perleche or angular stomatitis or cheilosis. Often it affects the corner of the mouth and lips causing inflammation. This causes painful irritation on the mouth.