Temporal arteritis also called as giant cell arteritis is swelling of inner lining of the arteries that carry oxygenated blood. Arteries are blood vessels that carry pure (oxygen rich) blood from the heart to other parts of the body. This disorder largely involves thickening of arteries in your head and your temples. Hence it is also known as cranial arteritis. It causes severe headache, jaw pain and blurred vision. Temporal arteritis can be treated in time by corticosteroid drugs. Loss of vision can be avoided if the treatment is given without delay. Since the disease involves formation of abnormally large sized cells within the lining of arteries it is called giant cell arteritis.
Roseola rash is a virus infection affecting the infants and young children. It is harmless and targets 6 months to 2 year old children. It begins as high fever which may lasts for 3-5 days. The rash appears on the skin after the fever subsides. Roseola is not contagious and resolves on its own within few weeks.
When there is interruption of blood supply to the brain tissue it causes death of brain cells leading to stroke. Brain tissue may get deprived of oxygen or food supply for few minutes causing serious complications. Stroke should be treated on emergency basis. It can be prevented by keeping the blood cholesterol and blood pressure under control. A stroke is also called as brain attack or cerebral vascular accident.
Tardive dyskinesia is a disorder involving abnormal movements that are involuntary on the lower face region. The main cause for getting this disorder is the long-term usage of metoclopramide (brand name Reglan). It causes involuntary tick like movements on the facial muscles and also on the fingers and limbs. The symptoms continue to exist even after the drug has been stopped. The term “tardive” means delayed and dyskinesia signifies abnormal movement. The patients who have been using antipsychotic medications for long have increased risk of getting this disorder.
Impetigo is a contagious skin infection caused by bacteria. Red colored sores occur on the skin mostly around the nose and mouth which would eventually break open discharging yellowish pus. It is seen largely on children and rare on adults. One should be very careful about this skin infection since it spreads easily by sharing towels or any clothing with infected person. Antibiotics are prescribed for controlling the bacteria and to prevent further spreading of infection.