Guinea worm disease also known as Dracunculiasis is a rare type of parasitic infection caused by drinking stagnated water. This disease is a rare type of infection occurring in some underdeveloped countries like Ethiopia, Sudan and Mali and remote parts of Africa. The worm gets into the person in the form of larvae when he/she drinks the contaminated stagnant water from the pond and resides inside the body. After about a year the larvae grows into an adult worm and emerges out of the body.
Histoplasmosis is a fungal infection that develops when a person inhales airborne spores that contains fungus. This type of fungus is very common in the USA and more particular in the Mississippi river valleys. One can acquire this infection while handling the bird droppings that contain the fungus. Not all the people who are exposed to the spores develop histoplasmosis. This infectious disease produces pneumonia like symptoms. Mild form of infection needs no treatment and only severe forms are to be treated. Still no vaccine has been developed for histoplasmosis.
Isosporiasis is an infection caused by micro-organism that affects your intestine causing diarrhea and malnutrition. This infection spreads mainly through feces and gets into food or water when people handling feces do not wash their hands properly. Some people can get this disease through oral or anal sex also from infected person. It is a rare disease in the American states and is reported to occur in the tropical regions of the continents where there is possibility of water contamination.
People with weak immunity may develop frequent lung infection called nocardiosis. It is caused by bacteria which often enter into the body through inhalation of contaminated dust that contains bacteria. For some cases it may affect brain and other vital organs like heart, kidneys, eyes and even bones.
Dumping syndrome is the term collectively used for representing many symptoms that occur after you underwent stomach surgery. It develops on people who had recently undergone surgery for removing part of stomach. Symptoms of dumping syndrome may range from mild to severe. It can be treated completely by making small changes in your diet habit and by medications.